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Pregnancy & Childbirth Medical News


Pregnancy and Childbirth News -- ScienceDaily
Do you think you might be pregnant? Learn about pregnancy and childbirth. Read current medical research on everything from prenatal risk factors to inducing labor.

Insights on preeclampsia: Rapid diagnosis
A new test may help to rapidly diagnose preeclampsia in pregnant women. Elevated levels of fetal hemoglobin in the blood may play a role in the development of kidney damage associated with preeclampsia.

Family factors may influence a child's temperament
A new article addresses ongoing conversations about bridging the gap between practice and research within the field of family therapy.

Antidepressant use in pregnancy linked to autism in children, but risk is low
Children exposed to antidepressants during pregnancy seem to be at a slightly higher risk of autism than children of mothers with psychiatric disorders who were not treated with antidepressants during pregnancy, finds a study.

Moderate exercise and dieting reduces risk of Cesarean section and diabetes in pregnancy
Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight, or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to a new study.

New way cells turn off genes
For some developmental genes one allele must stay silent, otherwise debilitating syndromes and cancers can arise. Scientists have now uncovered a new imprinting mechanism cells use to keep these genes quiet in mice.

Human in vitro fertilization could evolve thanks to piglet study
It is estimated that parents seeking to have children through in vitro fertilization (IVF) spend between $12,000 and $15,000 each session plus the cost of medications, which could average between $3,000 and $5,000. Now, researchers have made a discovery that could decrease the costs associated with IVF in humans -- and it all started with piglets.

NanoVelcro microchips could someday noninvasively diagnose prenatal conditions
Many pregnant women undergo some form of prenatal testing before their children are born. The information that expectant mothers gain from these tests vary, from the baby's gender to genetic defects. But the tests are often invasive, which can potentially harm the fetus and the mother. Now, a group of researchers reports that they have developed a device that provides sensitive results, but in a less invasive way: a blood test.

Certain antibiotics during pregnancy may increase risk of birth defects
A new study has found links between certain antibiotics during pregnancy and major congenital malformations in newborns.

Understanding genetic synergy in cleft palate
Like mechanics fixing a faulty engine, an expert says researchers will not be able to remedy problems related to IRF6, a gene implicated in cleft palate, until they better understand how the gene works.

Why some women are more likely to feel depressed
It's no secret that the risk of depression increases for women when their hormones are fluctuating. Especially vulnerable times include the menopause transition and onset of postmenopause. There's also postpartum depression that can erupt shortly after childbirth. But why do some women feel blue while others seem to skate through these transitions? One answer is provided through new study results.

Pre-pregnancy obesity increases risk for neurocognitive problems in premature babies
Children born extremely premature to women who are overweight or obese before the pregnancy are at an increased risk for low scores on tests of intelligence and cognitive processes that influence self-regulation and control, according to researchers.

Young adult obesity: A neglected, yet essential focus to reverse the obesity epidemic
The overall burden of the US obesity epidemic continues to require new thinking, argues an expert in a new report.

Environmental pollution exposure during pregnancy increases asthma risk for three generations
Exposure to environmental pollutants during pregnancy may increase the risk of asthma for as many as three consecutive generations, according to new research.

Reversing fetal alcohol damage after birth: Study offers hope
Two commonly used drugs erased the learning and memory deficits caused by fetal alcohol exposure when the drugs were given after birth, thus potentially identifying a treatment for the disorder, reports a new study. The scientists also newly identified a key molecular mechanism by which alcohol neurologically and developmentally harms the developing fetus.

Black light helps diagnose common skin problem found in pregnant women
Using a black light, or Wood's light, helps dermatologists determine disease extent of melasma, a hyperpigmentation condition that causes brown and gray patches to appear on the face, researchers have found.

Restless legs syndrome linked to poor sleep quality, impaired function in pregnancy
A new study of pregnant women shows that restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common and is strongly associated with poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness, and poor daytime function, which are frequent complaints during pregnancy.

Teen girls at higher risk OK with emergency department offering pregnancy prevention info
Adolescent girls receiving a wide range of medical care in the Emergency Department (ED) are receptive to receiving information about preventing pregnancy.

Vaccines protect fetuses from Zika infection, mouse study shows
Zika virus can cause severe brain damage in people infected before birth. A new study in mice shows that females vaccinated before pregnancy and infected with Zika virus while pregnant bear pups who show no trace of the virus. The findings offer the first evidence that an effective vaccine administered prior to pregnancy can protect vulnerable fetuses from Zika infection and resulting injury.

Children conceived using donor sperm have similar health and well-being to general population
Children conceived using donor sperm have similar health and well-being to the general population, according to a new study.

Maternal obesity during pregnancy may be linked to behavioral problems in boys
Maternal obesity and child neurodevelopmental problems have both increased in the US and scientists have suggested a possible link. A new study has found that the heavier mothers were when they entered pregnancy, the higher the risk of behavior problems for their sons. However, it did not show the same effects in girls.

Moms who breastfeed may have reduced risk of MS
Mothers who breastfeed for a total of at least 15 months over one or more pregnancies may be less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with those who don't breastfeed at all or do so for up to four months, according to a study.

No statistically significant risk of intellectual disability in children from mothers using antidepressants
In a first-of its kind study, researchers found an elevated risk of intellectual disability (ID) in children born to mothers treated with antidepressants, but the risk was not statistically significant and is likely due to other factors, including parental age and the parents' psychiatric history.

Insufficient levels of Vitamin D in pregnancy detrimental to child development
Vitamin D deficiency in expectant mothers during pregnancy has a negative effect on the social development and motor skills of pre-school age children, a new study reports.

Hospital management practices may put women at risk for C-sections during childbirth
The way certain hospital labor and delivery units are managed may put healthy women at greater risk for cesarean deliveries and hemorrhage, according to a new American study.

Synthetic DNA-based Zika vaccine protects against damage to testes in preclinical models
While the Zika virus is primarily transmitted by mosquitoes, research has shown that the disease can affect semen and sperm and can therefore be spread through sexual intercourse.

Antibiotics taken late in pregnancy can increase risk for inflammatory bowel diseases in offspring
When mice that are genetically susceptible to developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were given antibiotics during late pregnancy and the early nursing period, their offspring were more likely to develop an inflammatory condition of the colon that resembles human IBD, report scientists.
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