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Pregnancy & Childbirth Medical News


Pregnancy and Childbirth News -- ScienceDaily
Do you think you might be pregnant? Learn about pregnancy and childbirth. Read current medical research on everything from prenatal risk factors to inducing labor.

Researchers advise the use of anesthesia in fetuses from 21 weeks of gestation
Although the problem of whether fetuses are able to feel pain or not is still controversial, researchers in Spain have found that from the second trimester of pregnancy, the future baby already shows signs of pain when given a harmful stimulus or as a response to stress. The finding, the researchers argue, indicate the need to anesthetize the fetus during open fetal surgery.

Placenta defects a factor in prenatal deaths
The role of the placenta in fetal development is being seriously under-appreciated according to scientists. A team studied 103 mutations linked to prenatal death in mice and showed that almost 70 percent affect the placenta. The team also found that some placenta defects could be directly linked to the cause of death. As such, a significant number of prenatal deaths may be due to the placenta, not just the embryo.

Preeclampsia screening method found superior to current tests
New research highlights a more accurate way to screen for preeclampsia in pregnant women than currently recommended methods.

Larger families linked to heightened tooth loss risk for moms
Having a larger family is linked to a heightened tooth loss risk for moms, suggest the results of a large European study.

Improving birth outcomes one amino acid at a time
A simple dietary supplement (L-arginine) was found to improve birth outcomes, paving the way for future clinical trials to test this inexpensive and safe intervention.

Air pollution linked to brain alterations and cognitive impairment in children
A new study performed in the Netherlands has linked exposure to residential air pollution during fetal life with brain abnormalities that may contribute to impaired cognitive function in school-age children. The study reports that the air pollution levels related to brain alterations were below those considered to be safe.

Researchers rescue embryos from brain defects by re-engineering cellular voltage patterns
Biologists have demonstrated for the first time that electrical patterns in the developing embryo can be predicted, mapped, and manipulated to prevent defects caused by harmful substances such as nicotine. The research suggests that targeting bioelectric states may be a new treatment modality for regenerative repair in brain development and disease, and that computational methods can be used to find effective repair strategies.

Combating childhood obesity by preventing 'fatty liver' in fetus
New research indicates that an obese pregnant mother and exposure to a high fat, high sugar diet during pregnancy produces a 'fatty liver' in the fetus, potentially predisposing children to obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders later in life.

Mothers who smoke while pregnant contribute to the severity of asthma and poor lung function in their children
Tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy is worse for children with asthma than postnatal secondhand smoke exposure, according to a new study in the journal.

Mammalian development: Blastocyst architecture
The mechanisms that underlie early embryonic development in humans and cattle are very similar. Therefore, researchers argue that bovine embryos might well be a better model for early human development than the mouse system.

Rethinking childbirth education could save AU $97 million p.a.
Research shows antenatal education not only reduces the rates of medical interventions during childbirth, but can save the healthcare system up to AU$97 million per year.

For pregnant soldiers, recent deployment linked to higher risk of premature delivery
Female soldiers who give birth within six months of returning from military deployment face twice the risk of having a preterm baby as other active-duty servicewomen, a new study has found.

A model determines the quantity of bisphenol A that reaches the fetus through the mother
This research may be extremely useful for predicting the risk of developing metabolic, immunological or reproductive disorders and neurological diseases caused by this chemical.

More than just a cosmetic procedure -- 'tummy tuck' reduces back pain and incontinence
In addition to restoring the pre-pregnancy shape of the abdomen, abdominoplasty ('tummy tuck') surgery with muscle repair can improve back pain and urinary incontinence after childbearing, reports a new study.

Fish oil and probiotic supplements in pregnancy may reduce risk of childhood allergies
Women who take fish oil supplements and probiotics in later pregnancy may reduce their child's risk of food allergy and eczema, according to new research.

Immune system activation in pregnant women can shape brain development in their babies
A landmark study reveals that activation of a pregnant mother's immune system can affect her baby's brain development. A team of researchers found that short- and long-term brain functioning can be influenced by immune system activity during the third trimester of gestation.

Breastfeeding may have long-term heart health benefits for some moms
Women with normal blood pressure during pregnancy and who breastfed their babies for at least six months following birth had better markers of cardiovascular health years later compared to women who never breastfed. The same benefits were not observed in women who had high blood pressure during pregnancy.

Marked increase in cardiovascular risk factors in women after preeclampsia
Women diagnosed with preeclampsia during pregnancy were significantly more likely to develop high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol within five years compared with women who did not have preeclampsia, according to a new study.

Ice chips only? Study questions restrictions on oral intake for women in labor
At most US maternity units, women in labor are put on nil per os (NPO) status -- they're not allowed to eat or drink anything, except ice chips. But new nursing research questions that policy, showing no increase in risks for women who are allowed to eat and drink during labor.

Ice chips only? Study questions restrictions on oral intake for women in labor
At most US maternity units, women in labor are put on nil per os (NPO) status -- they're not allowed to eat or drink anything, except ice chips. But new nursing research questions that policy, showing no increase in risks for women who are allowed to eat and drink during labor.

C-sections and gut bacteria increase risk of childhood obesity
New research has found that overweight and obese women are more like to have children who are overweight or obese by three years of age -- and that bacteria in the gut may be partially to blame.

Sandhoff disease study shows proof of principle for gene therapy
Researchers studying a fatal childhood genetic illness called Sandhoff disease uncover new details about how it develops in utero that indicate gene therapy has potential.

Scientists discover critical molecular biomarkers of preeclampsia
A new study identifies novel molecular biomarkers of preeclampsia, a sudden pregnancy complication, signaling the potential for an early diagnostic blood test.

Securing a child's future needs to start during parents' teen years
A child's growth and development is affected by the health and lifestyles of their parents before pregnancy -- even going back to adolescence -- according to a new paper.

Fertility study finds hormone that could support early pregnancy
Scientists have identified a hormone that could help prepare the womb lining for pregnancy, research shows.

New structure discovered in human sperm tails
A highly effective tail is needed in order for a sperm to be able to swim, and for a baby to be conceived. By using cryo-electron tomography, researchers have identified a completely new nanostructure inside sperm tails.
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